Answered Essay: 16.       What type of center should be used when a company is organized into divisions of separate

16.       What type of center should be used when a company is organized into divisions of separate product lines?

A.        Profit center

B.        Expense center

C.        Investment center

D.        Revenue center

E.         Standard cost center

Answer: __________

17.       Instead of conducting traditional market research, a number of companies are:

A.        simply following what the market leader does.

B.        probing potential markets with early versions of new products to see which have

potential.

C.        developing new, much more sophisticated market research techniques which involve

global testing.

D.        forming alliances to pool their research findings.

Answer: __________

18.       When public organizations are privatized, the trend is to have:

A.        clients pay a higher percentage of the costs.

B.        clients pay a lower percentage of the costs.

C.        clients apply for subsidies from the government

D.        organizations solicit state agencies for more funding.

E.         organizations sponsor fundraising events.

Answer: __________

19.       All of the following ratios are used in the calculation of a company’s Z-value EXCEPT:

A.        working capital/total assets.

B.        retained earnings/total assets.

C.        current assets/current liabilities.

D.        market value of equity/total liabilities.

E.         sales to total assets.

Answer: __________

20.       The purchasing strategy in which the purchasing company orders a particular part from several vendors is:

A.        sole sourcing.

B.        multiple sourcing.

C.        just-in-time sourcing.

D.        backup sourcing.

E.         parallel sourcing.

Answer: __________

Expert Answer

Answer

16. What type of center should be used when a company is organized into divisions of separate product lines?

Answer: – option “A“- Profit center

A company can be organized into divisions of separate product lines using profit center because it can controls revenue, products, resources and helps in determining low and high profitable units within an organization.

17. Instead of conducting traditional market research, a number of companies are:

Answer: – option “B“- Probing potential markets with early versions of new products to see which have potential.

Traditional market research deals with consumer’s likes and dislike in introduction of new product in the market but now companies are directly exploring their capabilities by early version of new products in the market that helps in showing company potential without consumer involvement.

18. When public organizations are privatized, the trend is to have:

Answer: – option “A“- clients pay a higher percentage of the costs.

Public organizations are privatized due to because of clients pay a higher percentage of the costs. Public organization includes drawbacks such as low percentage of the costs, government subsidies, NGO sponsors funding.

19. All of the following ratios are used in the calculation of a company’s Z-value except:

Answer: – option “C“- current assets/current liabilities.

The ratios that are used in the calculation of a company’s Z-value are working capital/total assets, retained earnings/total assets, earnings before interest & taxes/ total assets, market value of equity/total liabilities and sales/total assets. Each ratio is used in the formula Z-score.

Z-Score = 1.2A + 1.4B + 3.3C + 0.6D + 1.0E

Where

A = working capital / total assets

B = retained earnings / total assets

C = earnings before interest & taxes / total assets

D = market value of equity / total liabilities

E = sales / total assets

20. The purchasing strategy in which the purchasing company orders a particular part from several vendors is:

Answer: – option “B“- multiple sourcing

Purchasing or ordering a common items or raw material from two or more vendors in order to continue company production is known as multiple sourcing.

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