Answered Essay: Christopher’s Custom Cabinet Company uses a job order cost system with overhead applied as a percentag

Christopher’s Custom Cabinet Company uses a job order cost system with overhead applied as a percentage of direct labor costs. Inventory balances at the beginning of 2016 follow: Raw Materials Inventory $ 15,700 Work in Process Inventory 6,100 Finished Goods Inventory 22,000 The following transactions occurred during January: (a) Purchased materials on account for $26,100. (b) Issued materials to production totaling $20,800, 90 percent of which was traced to specific jobs and the remainder of which was treated as indirect materials. (c) Payroll costs totaling $17,300 were recorded as follows: $10,100 for assembly workers 1,300 for factory supervision 2,900 for administrative personnel 3,000 for sales commissions (d) Recorded depreciation: $4,700 for machines, $700 for the copier used in the administrative office. (e) Recorded $1,400 of expired insurance. Forty percent was insurance on the manufacturing facility, with the remainder classified as an administrative expense. (f) Paid $5,600 in other factory costs in cash. (g) Applied manufacturing overhead at a rate of 200 percent of direct labor cost. (h) Completed all jobs but one; the job cost sheet for this job shows $2,300 for direct materials, $2,200 for direct labor, and $4,400 for applied overhead. (i) Sold jobs costing $50,900. The revenue earned on these jobs was $66,170. Required: 1. Set up T-accounts, record the beginning balances, post the January transactions, and compute the final balance for the following accounts: (Post all amounts separately. Do not combine/add any dollar amounts when posting to the t-accounts.) Raw Materials Inventory. Work in Process Inventory. Finished Goods Inventory. Cost of Goods Sold. Selling, General, and Administrative Expenses. Sales Revenue. Other accounts (Cash, Payables, etc.). 2. Determine how much gross profit the company would report during the month of January before any adjustment is made for the overhead balance. 3. Determine the amount of over- or underapplied overhead. 4. Compute adjusted gross profit assuming that any over- or underapplied overhead balance is adjusted directly to Cost of Goods Sold.

Expert Answer


1. T – accounts :

Raw Materials Inventory

Debit Credit Balance
Beginning balance 15,700 ( Dr.)
Accounts Payable 26,100 41,800
Work in Process Inventory 18,720
Manufacturing Overhead 2,080 21,000
Ending balance 21,000

Work in Process Inventory

Debit Credit Balance
Beginning balance 6,100 ( Dr.)
Raw Materials Inventory 18,720 24,820
Wages Payable 10,100 34,920
Manufacturing Overhead 20,200 55,120
Finished Goods Inventory 46,220 8,900
Ending balance 8,900

Finished Goods Inventory :

Debit Credit Balance
Beginning balance 22,000 ( Dr. )
Work in Process Inventory 46,220 68,220
Cost of Goods Sold 50,900 17,320
Ending balance 17,320

Cost of Goods Sold :

Debit Credit
Finished Goods Inventory 50,900
Manufacturing Overhead 5,960 44,940

2. Gross Profit before any adjustments : Sales Revenue – Cost of Goods Sold = $ 66,170 – $ 50,900 = $ 15,270

3. Over-applied overhead : $ 5,960

Manufacturing Overhead:

Debit Credit
Raw Materials Inventory 2,080 Work in Process Inventory 20,200
Wages Payable 1,300
Accumulated Depreciation – Machines 4,700
Prepaid Insurance 560
Cash 5,600
Overapplied 5,960
20,200 20,200

4. Adjusted gross profit – Sales Revenue – Adjusted Cost of Goods Sold = $ 66,170 – $ ( 50,900 – 5,960) = $ 21,230

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