Answered Essay: Consider the following LAN where three hosts are connected to a router, which is then linked to a server. Explain ho

4) (10 points) Consider the following LAN where three hosts are connected to a router, which is then linked to a server. Explain how to share the same link with bandwidth R List several cost-effective resource sharing mechanisms. server

Consider the following LAN where three hosts are connected to a router, which is then linked to a server. Explain how to share the same link with bandwidth R List several cost-effective resource sharing mechanisms.

Expert Answer

 

Ans:

There are two situations where link bandwidth needs to be shared between different users. The first situation is when several hosts are attached to the same physical link. This situation mainly occurs in Local Area Networks (LAN). A LAN is a network that efficiently interconnects several hosts in the same room, building or campus. Any of these hosts needs to be able to exchange information with any of the other five hosts.

A network organized as a Bus

In a bus network, all hosts are attached to a shared medium, usually a cable through a single interface. When one host sends an electrical signal on the bus, the signal is received by all hosts attached to the bus. A drawback of bus-based networks is that if the bus is physically cut, then the network is split into two isolated networks. For this reason, bus-based networks are sometimes considered to be difficult to operate and maintain, especially when the cable is long and there are many places where it can break. Such a bus-based topology was used in early Ethernet networks.

A network organised as a Star

each host has a single physical interface connecting it to the ring. Any signal sent by a host on the ring will be received by all hosts attached to the ring. From a redundancy point of view, a single ring is not the best solution, as the signal only travels in one direction on the ring; thus if one of the links composing the ring is cut, the entire network fails. In practice, such rings have been used in local area networks, but are now often replaced by star-shaped networks. In metropolitan networks, rings are often used to interconnect multiple locations. In this case, two parallel links, composed of different cables, are often used for redundancy. With such a dual ring, when one ring fails all the traffic can be quickly switched to the other ring.

–> The common problem among Local Area Networks is how to efficiently share the available bandwidth. If two devices send a frame at the same time, the two electrical, optical or radio signals that correspond to these frames will appear at the same time on the transmission medium and a receiver will not be able to decode either frame. Such simultaneous transmissions are called collisions.

–> All Local Area Network technologies rely on a Medium Access Control algorithm to regulate the transmissions to either minimise or avoid collisions.

the different sharing mechanisms

–> Frequency Division Multiplexing

–> Time-division multiplexing

–> Carrier Sense Multiple Access

–> Carrier Sense Multiple Access with Collision Detection

Buy Essay
Calculate your paper price
Pages (550 words)
Approximate price: -

Help Me Write My Essay - Reasons:

Best Online Essay Writing Service

We strive to give our customers the best online essay writing experience. We Make sure essays are submitted on time and all the instructions are followed.

Our Writers are Experienced and Professional

Our essay writing service is founded on professional writers who are on stand by to help you any time.

Free Revision Fo all Essays

Sometimes you may require our writers to add on a point to make your essay as customised as possible, we will give you unlimited times to do this. And we will do it for free.

Timely Essay(s)

We understand the frustrations that comes with late essays and our writers are extra careful to not violate this term. Our support team is always engauging our writers to help you have your essay ahead of time.

Customised Essays &100% Confidential

Our Online writing Service has zero torelance for plagiarised papers. We have plagiarism checking tool that generate plagiarism reports just to make sure you are satisfied.

24/7 Customer Support

Our agents are ready to help you around the clock. Please feel free to reach out and enquire about anything.

Try it now!

Calculate the price of your order

Total price:
$0.00

How it works?

Follow these simple steps to get your paper done

Place your order

Fill in the order form and provide all details of your assignment.

Proceed with the payment

Choose the payment system that suits you most.

Receive the final file

Once your paper is ready, we will email it to you.

HOW OUR ONLINE ESSAY WRITING SERVICE WORKS

Let us write that nagging essay.

STEP 1

Submit Your Essay/Homework Instructions

By clicking on the "PLACE ORDER" button, tell us your requires. Be precise for an accurate customised essay. You may also upload any reading materials where applicable.

STEP 2

Pick A & Writer

Our ordering form will provide you with a list of writers and their feedbacks. At step 2, its time select a writer. Our online agents are on stand by to help you just in case.

STEP 3

Editing (OUR PART)

At this stage, our editor will go through your essay and make sure your writer did meet all the instructions.

STEP 4

Receive your Paper

After Editing, your paper will be sent to you via email.