Answered Essay: Part A MK Enterprises, Inc. started business on January, 1, Year 1 and keeps its books on the cash basis of accounting.

Part A MK Enterprises, Inc. started business on January, 1, Year 1 and keeps its books on the cash basis of accounting. The trial balance of the company at December 31, Year 1 is as follows: Selling expenses DEBIT CREDIT Cash $5,000 Common stock $10,000 Sales 40,000 Cost of sales 20,000 Payroll expense 8,000 Selling expenses 3,000 Administrative expenses 5,000 Small tools expense 5,000 Income tax expense (estimated tax payments) 4,000 (debit) Other information about MK’s operations: 1. Customers owe the company $20,000 on unpaid invoices at the end of the year. 2. The company has goods with a cost of $12,000 in its warehouse at year end. The company owes its supplier for all of these goods, plus they owe another $2,000 on a prior shipment that was sold during the year. 3. The amount the company shows as small tools is for the principal manufacturing asset of the company. The company depreciates its fixed assets on a straight line basis with a five year asset life. Fixed assets are assumed to be purchased at the beginning of the year. 4. Included in administrative expenses is a payment on the company’s one year general liability insurance policy for $2,400. The policy was purchased and effective on July 1, Year 1. 5. When reconciling the bank accounts for the year, the company discovered that it had received a $500 bad check from a customer. The check was re-deposited and paid in January of Year 2. 6. The company estimates that 1.5% of its sales will eventually be uncollectible. 7. The company pays its employees on a weekly basis 7 days after the end of the pay period. The last paycheck date for the year was on December 31st. The weekly payroll of the company is $1,300. 8. The company’s tax rate is 25%. There were no non-taxable transactions made by the company.

Expert Answer

 

1. Customers owe the company $20,000 on unpaid invoices at the end of the year. Credit
Accounts Receivables $20,000
Sales $20,000
2. The company has goods with a cost of $12,000 in its warehouse at year end. The company owes its supplier for all of these goods, plus they owe another $2,000 on a prior shipment that was sold during the year.
Merchandise Inventory $12,000
Accounts Payable $12,000
Cost of good sold 2000
Accounts Payable 2000
3. The amount the company shows as small tools is for the principal manufacturing asset of the company. The company depreciates its fixed assets on a straight line basis with a five year asset life. Fixed assets are assumed to be purchased at the beginning of the year.
Depreciation Expenses (5000/5 yr.) 1000
Accumulated Depreciation 1000
4. Included in administrative expenses is a payment on the company’s one year general liability insurance policy for $2,400. The policy was purchased and effective on July 1, Year 1.
Prepaid Insurance $1,200
Insurance $1,200
5. When reconciling the bank accounts for the year, the company discovered that it had received a $500 bad check from a customer. The check was re-deposited and paid in January of Year 2.
Accounts Receivables $500
Sales $500
6. The company estimates that 1.5% of its sales will eventually be uncollectible.
Bad Debt Expenses (40000 20000)x1.5%) 900
Account Receivables 900
7. The company pays its employees on a weekly basis 7 days after the end of the pay period. The last paycheck date for the year was on December 31st. The weekly payroll of the company is $1,300.
Salaries Expenses $1,300
Cash $1,300
8. The company’s tax rate is 25%. There were no non-taxable transactions made by the company.
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