Q27. Needs recognition is the first stage of the needs-requirement life cycle.
Q28. A modern view in Human Resource Management is that positive motivation results from an opportunity to achieve and experience self-actualization.
Q29. Concurrent engineering involves overlapping tasks and phases to accelerate a project’s schedule.
Q35. If you want to shorten the length of a project, you must:
a. Shorten the critical path
b. Shorten the free float
c. Spend more money
d. Cut back on the features you plan to deliver
Q36. Definitive estimates are generally derived from:
a. Bottom-up estimates
b. Top-down estimates
c. Expert judgment cost estimates
d. Order of magnitude estimates
Q37. In resource planning, one of the issues that needs to be considered is:
a. Staff empowerment
b. Technical requirements of the project
c. Theory X management principles
d. Theory Y management principles
Q38. Configuration management is a:
a. Methodology for working closely with customers by developing and updating requirements for faster response to changing customer needs
b. Methodology for ensuring that requirements evolve with evolving customer requirements
c. Methodology for specifying requirements at the outset and for controlling very tightly any changes to them
d. Methodology for specifying requirements at the outset and for facilitating any changes to them with minimum customer input
Q39. Which of the following is an example of a project?
a. Maintaining e-mail addresses
b. Capacity planning
c. Submitting travel and expense reports
d. Sending monthly reports to top management
Q40. A laissez-faire management style may lead to a ship without rudder syndrome.
Q41. Confidence in the accuracy of a cost estimate increases when top-down and bottom-up estimates converge.
Q42. Rapid prototyping is a methodology for:
a. Specifying requirements at the outset and for controlling very tightly any changes to them
b. Specifying requirements at the outset and for facilitating later changes to them with minimum customer in put
c. Triggering early warning of unauthorized changes to the original prototype to enable project management to take remedial actions
d. Working closely with customers by creating and updating prototypes that respond to customer input
Q43. According to PMI, a WBS should focus on
c. Interrelationships among activities
d. Cost of the project
Q44. The purpose of mid-project evaluation is:
a. Continual monitoring of budget and estimates
b. To focus on achievement of individual element of the project plan
c. To determine whether the original objectives are still relevant
d. To re-baseline the project budget
Q45. The bottom-most level of the WBS — the level at which project budget and schedule data are captured — is called:
a. Work package
b. Code of accounts
c. Budget baseline
d. Change control level
Q46. Which of the following methods involves performing tasks in parallel?
b. Fast tracking
Q47. Scope creep means:
a. Needs emergence and identification
b. Uncontrolled changes to a project’s requirements during project execution
c. Migration of project needs to requirements
d. Imprecise scope statement