Answered Essay: ses job costing. Because the firm uses a perpetual invento

Journal Entries, Closing Manufacturing Overhead, and Preparing an Income Statement. Jansen, Inc., is a defense contractor that uses job costing. Because the firm uses a perpetual inventory system, the three supporting schedules to the income statement (the schedule of raw materials placed in production, the schedule of cost of goods manufactured, and the schedule of cost of goods sold) are not necessary. Inventory account beginning balances at January 1, 2016, are listed as follows.

Raw materials inventory $  500,000
Work-in-process inventory $  700,000
Finished goods inventory $1,800,000

You will be recording the following transactions, which summarize the activities that occurred during the year ended December 31, 2016:

Raw materials were purchased for $300,000 on account.

Raw materials totaling $420,000 were placed in production, $60,000 for indirect materials and $360,000 for direct materials.

The raw materials purchased in transaction 1 were paid for.

A total cost of $800,000 for direct labor, shown on the timesheets, was recorded as wages payable.

Production supervisors and other indirect labor working in the factory were owed $540,000, recorded as wages payable.

Wages owed, totaling $1,200,000, were paid. (These wages were previously recorded correctly as wages payable.)

The costs listed in the following related to the factory were incurred during the period. (Hint: Record these items in one entry with one debit to manufacturing overhead and four separate credits):

Building depreciation $580,000
Insurance (prepaid during 2016, now expired) $220,000
Utilities (on account) $  80,000
Maintenance (paid cash) $440,000

Manufacturing overhead was applied at a rate of $20 per machine hour, and 90,000 machine hours were utilized during the year. (Hint: No need to calculate the predetermined overhead rate since it is already given to you here.)

Miscellaneous selling costs totaling $430,000 were paid. These costs were recorded in an account called selling expenses.

Miscellaneous general and administrative costs totaling $265,000 were paid. These costs were recorded in an account called G&A expenses.

Goods costing $2,030,000 (per the job cost sheets) were completed and transferred out of work-in-process inventory.

Goods were sold on account for $3,800,000.

The goods sold in transaction 12 had a cost of $2,570,000 (per the job cost sheets).

Payments totaling $3,300,000 from credit customers related to transaction 12 were received.


Prepare T-accounts for raw materials inventory, work-in-process inventory, finished goods inventory, manufacturing overhead, and cost of goods sold. Enter the beginning balances for the inventory accounts. (Manufacturing overhead and cost of goods sold are temporary accounts and thus do not have a beginning balance.)

Prepare a journal entry for each transaction from 1 through 14 in a format like the one in Figure 2.7, and where appropriate, post each entry to the T-accounts set up in requirement a. Note that these entries reflect the flow of costs through the inventory and cost of goods sold accounts for the year, so you are only posting the dollar amounts related to the T-accounts set up in requirement a. Label each entry in the T-accounts by transaction number, include a short description (e.g., direct materials and manufacturing overhead applied), and total each T-account.

Based on the balance in the manufacturing overhead account prepared in requirement b, prepare a journal entry to close the manufacturing overhead account to cost of goods sold.

Prepare an income statement for the year ended December 31, 2016. Remember to adjust cost of goods sold for any underapplied or overapplied overhead from requirement c.

Why is cost of goods sold adjusted upward on the income statement?

Expert Answer


Transa Accounst Title Dr Cr
1 Raw Material Inventory $300,000
Accounst Payable $300,000
2 Work in Process Inventory $360,000
Manufacturing Overhead $60,000
Raw material Inventory $420,000
3 Accounst Payable $300,000
Cash $300,000
4 Work in Process Inventory $800,000
wages payable/Factory labor $800,000
5 Manufacturing Overhead $540,000
wages payable $540,000
6 wages payable $1,200,000
Cash $1,200,000
7 Manufacturing Overhead 1320000
Accumulated Depreciation-Building 580000
Prepaid expenses 220000
Accounts Payable 80000
Cash 440000
8 Work in Process Inventory 1800000
Manufacturing Overhead 1800000
9 Selling expenses $430,000
Cash $430,000
10 G & A expenses 265000
Cash 265000
11 Finished Goods Inventory 2030000
Work in Process Inventory 2030000
12 Accounts Receivable 3800000
sales 3800000
13 Cost of Good sold $2,570,000
Finished Goods Inventory 2570000
14 Cash 3300000
Accounts Receivable 3300000
Underapplied overhead
Cost of Good sold 120000
Manufacturing Overhead 120000
Income statement
Sales 3800000
Less: cost of Good sodl $2,690,000
Gross profit $1,110,000
Selling expenses $430,000
G & A expenses 265000 $695,000
Net operating income $415,000
The cost of good sold is adjusted upward as manufacturing overhead was underapplied
so the COGS will be increased with underapplied amount.
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