Answered Essay: Task: Create a C++ project that will have 3 source files: a main file (driver

Task: Create a C++ project that will have 3 source files: a main file (driver program), a class specification file (header file), and a class implementation file. The project will be a simple inventory program to manage your coin collection.

Class:

The Coin class will contain the following data members:

year                an int for the year the coin was minted

faceValue       a double for holding the original value of the coin

description    a dynamically-allocated string holding a description of the coin

quantity         an int for holding the quantity on-hand of this coin

marketValue a double for holding the estimated current market value of this coin

totalValue      a static member that holds the total market value of the collection

The Coin class will need these member functions:

a constructor function to initialize the data attributes

a destructor function

mutator functions to change the values of each data member. The mutator functions should include basic input validation so that negative numbers are not stored in the quantity or value members, and that year is in an appropriate range (for the sake of simplicity, you may assume that you do not have access to coins created in the B.C. era). Be sure to update the static member as needed.

accessor functions to retrieve the data values

a function to calculate the difference between a coin’s faceValue and its marketValue

Main processing: Create an array of Coin objects, instantiating at least 3 objects. The driver program should utilize/demonstrate each of the class functions. The driver should be able to display the collection. If needed, you may use the array index as a record key to access different coins. Make sure you program is well documented both internally and externally.

Input: Data may be input by the user or you may create a data file and read the values into your array. If you use a data file, be sure to submit it with your source code files.

Output: Results will be displayed to the screen.

Expert Answer

 

Please find below the required 3 files and Console output:

save the below code as Coin.h

/*header file Coin class*/

#include<string>

using namespace std;

#ifndef COIN_H

#define COIN_H

//static variable for total value

static double totalValue;

class Coin{

//data members

private:

int year;

double faceValue;

string description;

int quantity;

double marketValue;

//functions

public:

Coin(int y,double fv,string desc,int q,double mv);

Coin();

~Coin();

void setYear(int y);

void setFaceValue(double fv);

void setDescription(string desc);

void setQuantity(int q);

void setMarketValue(double mv);

int getYear();

double getFaceValue();

string getDescription();

int getQuantity();

double getMarketValue();

};

#endif

save the below code as Coin.cpp

#include<string>

#include<iostream>

#include “Coin.h”

using namespace std;

//Constructors ans desctructors

Coin::Coin(){

}

Coin::Coin(int y,double fv,string desc,int q,double mv)

{

year = y;

faceValue = fv;

description = desc;

quantity = q;

marketValue = mv;

}

Coin::~Coin(){

}

//mutators and accessors basic validation

//for checking negative numbers

void Coin::setYear(int y)

{

if(y<1000)

{

cout<<“Ivalid year n”;

year = 1000;

}

else

year = y;

}

void Coin::setFaceValue(double fv)

{

if(fv<0)

{

cout<<“face Value can be negative , setting to 0n”;

faceValue = 0;

}

else

faceValue = fv;

}

void Coin::setDescription(string desc)

{

description = desc;

}

void Coin::setQuantity(int q)

{

if(q<0)

{

cout<<“Quantity can not be negative , setting to 0n”;

quantity = 0;

}

else

quantity = q;

}

void Coin::setMarketValue(double mv)

{

if(mv<0)

{

cout<<“Market value can not be negative, setting to 0n”;

marketValue = 0;

}

else{

marketValue = mv;

//static field total value updating

totalValue = totalValue+mv*quantity;

}

}

int Coin::getYear()

{

return year;

}

string Coin::getDescription()

{

return description;

}

double Coin::getFaceValue()

{

return faceValue;

}

double Coin::getMarketValue()

{

return marketValue;

}

int Coin::getQuantity()

{

return quantity;

}

//method for getting diff of facevalue and market value

double getFaceAndMarketValueDiff(Coin c)

{

return c.getFaceValue()-c.getMarketValue();

}

//save the below code as CoinMain.cpp

#include<iostream>

#include “Coin.cpp”

using namespace std;

int main()

{

//Coin array for 3 objects

Coin c[3];

int year,quant;

string desc;

double fv,mv;

//for each Coin asking the value

for(int i=0;i<3;i++)

{

cout<<“Enter the Info for Coin : “<<i+1<<endl;

cout<<“Enter the year : “;

cin>>year;

cout<<“Enter the face value of coin : “;

cin>>fv;

cout<<“Enter the market value of coin : “;

cin>>mv;

cout<<“Enter the quantity of coin : “;

cin>>quant;

cout<<“Enter the description of coin : “;

cin.ignore();

getline(cin,desc);

//using mutators setting the value

c[i].setYear(year);

c[i].setQuantity(quant);

c[i].setFaceValue(fv);

c[i].setMarketValue(mv);

c[i].setDescription(desc);

}

cout<<“n=======================================n”;

//printing the values using accessors

for(int j=0;j<3;j++)

{

cout<<“Coin “<<j+1<<” Information : n”;

cout<<“Coin Description : “<<c[j].getDescription()<<endl;

cout<<“Coin Minted Year : “<<c[j].getYear()<<endl;

cout<<“Coin Face Value : “<<c[j].getFaceValue()<<endl;

cout<<“Coin Market Value : “<<c[j].getMarketValue()<<endl;

cout<<“Coin Quantity : “<<c[j].getQuantity()<<endl;

cout<<“Face and Market value difference : “<<getFaceAndMarketValueDiff(c[j])<<endl;

cout<<“————————————n”;

}

cout<<“nTotal Value of coin : “<<totalValue;

return 0;

}

//CONSOLE OUTPUT:

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