Answered Essay: Which access modifier is not allowed in a struct? Private Public Protected Internal All of the Abov

Computer Science C#

Question 25 5 pts Which access modifier is not allowed in a struct? Private Public O Protected Internal O All of the Above None of the Above Question 26 5 pts Ablock( )in C# is a parameter brackets single statement namespace .instructure.com/courses/437443/quizzes/822471/take Quiz: Final Exam scoping mechanism

Which access modifier is not allowed in a struct? Private Public Protected Internal All of the Above None of the Above A block {…} in C# is a parameter brackets single statement namespace scoping mechanism

Expert Answer

 

QNO:25)

Access Modifiers in C#:

public
The type or member can be accessed by any other code in the same assembly or another assembly that references it.

private
The type or member can be accessed only by code in the same class or struct.

protected
The type or member can be accessed only by code in the same class or struct, or in a class that is derived from that class.

internal
The type or member can be accessed by any code in the same assembly, but not from another assembly.

protected internal
The type or member can be accessed by any code in the assembly in which it is declared, or from within a derived class in another assembly. Access from another assembly must take place within a class declaration that derives from the class in which the protected internal element is declared, and it must take place through an instance of the derived class type.1

The following examples demonstrate how to specify access modifiers on a type and member

public class Bicycle
{
    public void Pedal() { }
}

Not all access modifiers can be used by all types or members in all contexts, and in some cases the accessibility of a type member is constrained by the accessibility of its containing type. The following sections provide more details about accessibility.

Class and Struct Accessibility

–Classes and structs that are declared directly within a namespace (in other words, that are not nested within other classes or structs) can be either public or internal. Internal is the default if no access modifier is specified.

–Struct members, including nested classes and structs, can be declared as public, internal, or private. Class members, including nested classes and structs, can be public, protected internal, protected, internal, or private. The access level for class members and struct members, including nested classes and structs, is private by default. Private nested types are not accessible from outside the containing type.

–Derived classes cannot have greater accessibility than their base types. In other words, you cannot have a public class B that derives from an internal class A. If this were allowed, it would have the effect of making A public, because all protected or internal members of A are accessible from the derived class.

–You can enable specific other assemblies to access your internal types by using the InternalsVisibleToAttribute.

Class and Struct Member Accessibility

–Class members (including nested classes and structs) can be declared with any of the five types of access. Struct members cannot be declared as protected because structs do not support inheritance.

–Normally, the accessibility of a member is not greater than the accessibility of the type that contains it. However, a public member of an internal class might be accessible from outside the assembly if the member implements interface methods or overrides virtual methods that are defined in a public base class.

–The type of any member that is a field, property, or event must be at least as accessible as the member itself. Similarly, the return type and the parameter types of any member that is a method, indexer, or delegate must be at least as accessible as the member itself. For example, you cannot have a public method M that returns a class C unless C is also public. Likewise, you cannot have a protected property of type A if A is declared as private.

–User-defined operators must always be declared as public.

–Finalizers cannot have accessibility modifiers.

–To set the access level for a class or struct member, add the appropriate keyword to the member declaration, as shown in the following example.

// public class:
public class Tricycle
{
    // protected method:
    protected void Pedal() { }

    // private field:
    private int wheels = 3;

    // protected internal property:
    protected internal int Wheels
    {
        get { return wheels; }
    }
}

->Protected Access Modifier is not allowed in Struct

Since Structers do not support Inheritance,Structure Members cannot be specified as Protected

QNO 26)

1) A namespace is designed for providing a way to keep one set of names separate from another. The class names declared in one namespace does not conflict with the same class names declared in another.

Defining a Namespace

A namespace definition begins with the keyword namespace followed by the namespace name as follows:

namespace namespace_name
{
   // code declarations
}

To call the namespace-enabled version of either function or variable, prepend the namespace name as follows:

namespace_name.item_name;

The following program demonstrates use of namespaces:

using System;
namespace first_space
{
   class namespace_cl
   {
      public void func()
      {
         Console.WriteLine("Inside first_space");
      }
   }
}

namespace second_space
{
   class namespace_cl
   {
      public void func()
      {
         Console.WriteLine("Inside second_space");
      }
   }
}

class TestClass
{
   static void Main(string[] args)
   {
      first_space.namespace_cl fc = new first_space.namespace_cl();
      second_space.namespace_cl sc = new second_space.namespace_cl();
      fc.func();
      sc.func();
      Console.ReadKey();
   }
}

When the above code is compiled and executed, it produces the following result:

Inside first_space
Inside second_space

2) A more formal definition is that scope is an enclosing context or region that defines where a name can be used without qualification.

In C#, both scope and declaration space is defined by a statement block enclosed by braces. That means namespaces, classes, methods, and properties all define both a scope and a declaration space. As a result, scopes can be nested and overlap each other.

If scope defines the visibility of a name and scopes are allowed to overlap, any name defined in an outer scope is visible to an inner scope, but not the other way around.

In the code shown in Listing 3.1, the field age is in scope throughout the entire body of Contact, including within the body of F and G. In F, the use of age refers to the field named age.

Scope and Declaration Space

class Contact
{
   public int age;

   public void F()
   {
      age = 18;
   }

   public void G()
   {
      int age;
      age = 21;
   }
}

However, in G, the scopes overlap because there is also a local variable named age that is in scope throughout the body of G. Within the scope of G, when you refer to age, you are actually referring to the locally scoped entity named age and not the one in the outer scope. When this happens, the name declared in the outer scope is hidden by the inner scope.

Figure shows the same code with the scope boundaries indicated by the dotted and dashed rectangles.

Figure 3.1

Figure: Nested scopes and hiding

3) parameters

Named arguments are most often used with optional parameters, but they can be used without them as well. Unlike optional parameters, named arguments can be used with value, reference, and output parameters. You can also use named arguments with parameter arrays, but you must explicitly declare a new array to contain the values, as shown here:

Console.WriteLine(String.Concat(values: new string[] { "a", "b", "c" }));

4) A statement can consist of a single line of code that ends in a semicolon, or a series of single-line statements in a block. A statement block is enclosed in {} brackets and can contain nested blocks.

Buy Essay
Calculate your paper price
Pages (550 words)
Approximate price: -

Help Me Write My Essay - Reasons:

Best Online Essay Writing Service

We strive to give our customers the best online essay writing experience. We Make sure essays are submitted on time and all the instructions are followed.

Our Writers are Experienced and Professional

Our essay writing service is founded on professional writers who are on stand by to help you any time.

Free Revision Fo all Essays

Sometimes you may require our writers to add on a point to make your essay as customised as possible, we will give you unlimited times to do this. And we will do it for free.

Timely Essay(s)

We understand the frustrations that comes with late essays and our writers are extra careful to not violate this term. Our support team is always engauging our writers to help you have your essay ahead of time.

Customised Essays &100% Confidential

Our Online writing Service has zero torelance for plagiarised papers. We have plagiarism checking tool that generate plagiarism reports just to make sure you are satisfied.

24/7 Customer Support

Our agents are ready to help you around the clock. Please feel free to reach out and enquire about anything.

Try it now!

Calculate the price of your order

Total price:
$0.00

How it works?

Follow these simple steps to get your paper done

Place your order

Fill in the order form and provide all details of your assignment.

Proceed with the payment

Choose the payment system that suits you most.

Receive the final file

Once your paper is ready, we will email it to you.

HOW OUR ONLINE ESSAY WRITING SERVICE WORKS

Let us write that nagging essay.

STEP 1

Submit Your Essay/Homework Instructions

By clicking on the "PLACE ORDER" button, tell us your requires. Be precise for an accurate customised essay. You may also upload any reading materials where applicable.

STEP 2

Pick A & Writer

Our ordering form will provide you with a list of writers and their feedbacks. At step 2, its time select a writer. Our online agents are on stand by to help you just in case.

STEP 3

Editing (OUR PART)

At this stage, our editor will go through your essay and make sure your writer did meet all the instructions.

STEP 4

Receive your Paper

After Editing, your paper will be sent to you via email.

× How can I help you?